PDA

View Full Version : Probability Help!

NAU_Player
04-19-2005, 10:33 PM
I've got a math test tomorrow over probabilities, and one of the homework problems has me stumped for some reason... Any assistance is greatly appreciated.

A pair of dice are tossed 3 times.
a)find the probability that the sum 7 appears 3 times.
b)find the probability that a sum of 7 or 11 appears at least twice.

Sum of 7 - 1-6, 2-5, 3-4, 4-3, 5-2, 6-1 =&gt; 6
Sum of 11 - 5-6, 6-5 =&gt; 2
Total outcomes =&gt; 36

a) 6/36 * 6/36 * 6/36 = 1/216 (right?)
b) 8/36 * 8/36 * 8/36 + 8/36 * 8/36 * 28/36 = 4/81 (right?)

basically, I know I'm wrong but need to know why. The textbook offers no help for me on this one.

elitegimp
04-19-2005, 11:11 PM
[ QUOTE ]
I've got a math test tomorrow over probabilities, and one of the homework problems has me stumped for some reason... Any assistance is greatly appreciated.

A pair of dice are tossed 3 times.
a)find the probability that the sum 7 appears 3 times.
b)find the probability that a sum of 7 or 11 appears at least twice.

Sum of 7 - 1-6, 2-5, 3-4, 4-3, 5-2, 6-1 =&gt; 6
Sum of 11 - 5-6, 6-5 =&gt; 2
Total outcomes =&gt; 36

a) 6/36 * 6/36 * 6/36 = 1/216 (right?)
b) 8/36 * 8/36 * 8/36 + 8/36 * 8/36 * 28/36 = 4/81 (right?)

basically, I know I'm wrong but need to know why. The textbook offers no help for me on this one.

[/ QUOTE ]

part (a) looks fine to me. For part (b), your first term is correct (probability of getting 3 7s/11s), but your second term is the probability of rolling 7 or 11 on each of the first 2, and then something else on the third roll. You need to account for rolling a 7/11 on the first &amp; third roll, or on the second &amp; third roll.

(I'm trying to be a little cryptic here and not just give you the answer... let me know if it's _too_ cryptic)

olavfo
04-19-2005, 11:14 PM
I'm not good at this, but don't you have to include all these terms in b):

8/36*8/36*28/36 + 8/36*28/36*8/36 + 28/36*8/36*8/36
= 3 * 8/36*8/36*28/36

The logic being that you can hit 7 or 11 at toss 1 &amp; 2, 1 &amp; 3 or 2 &amp; 3.

Warning: It's 5 AM and I'm tired, so this could very well be plain bollocks.

olavfo

NAU_Player
04-19-2005, 11:58 PM
thanks guys /images/graemlins/smile.gif